The popular slogan after the Holocaust was ‘never again’. Why did it turn into ‘again and again’?
In fact, there has been at least one mass extermination event in every decade since the World War 2. Let’s take a look:
China’s Great Leap Forward (1958)
Chairman Mao killed an estimated 30-40 million fellow citizens between 1958 and 1962 in his experiment to collectivise agriculture.
Chairman Mao Zedong (Phoo: Reuters)
During Nigeria’s civil war, over 2 million people died in the newly created Republic of Biafra, most of them Igbo. Many, particularly children, starved to death due to Biafra’s blockade.
Bangladesh genocide (1971)
Pakistan army’s genocidal “Operation Searchlight” against ethnic Bengali separatists fighting for East Pakistan’s independence led to an estimated 5,00,000 to 3 million deaths.
Cambodian genocide (1975-79)
Pol Pot’s Khmer Rouge wiped out nearly 21 per cent of the country’s population (2 million Cambodians) in an attempt to create a new agrarian utopia.
Guatemala’s Mayan genocide (1981-83)
In what became known as “The Silent Holocaust,” the USA-backed Guatemalan government began a systematic campaign against the “inferior” Mayan Indians that led to around 2,00,000 deaths.
Kurdish genocide (1987-89)
The infamous al-Anfal campaign during Saddam Hussein’s reign saw an estimated 180,000 Kurds-70% men-killed & about 1.5 million deported.
In July 1995, towards the end of the Bosnian war, Serb forces overran Srebrenica town, a UN-designated “safe area”. In a four-day window, up to 8,000 “battle-age” men were massacred & an estimated 23,000 women, children & elderly people were expelled from the area.
Photo taken from: srebrenica-genocide.blogspot.in (Photographer: Patrick Robert)
In the course of just 100 days, an estimated 8,00,000 Tutsis were hacked & clubbed to death by some 2,00,000 Hutus.
The skulls and bones of Rwandan victims rest on shelves at a genocide memorial inside the church at Ntarama just outside the capital Kigali. (Photo: Reuters)
Darfur genocide (2003 onward)
The first genocide of the 21st century targeting the non-Arab African tribal of Darfur in Western Sudan has seen up to 3,00,000 deaths and some 3 million people displaced.
Yazidi genocide (2014 onward)
The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) militant group has been systematically wiping out the minority Yazidi sect in Iraq and Syria. As you read this, more than 3,200 Yazidi women and children are being enslaved and countless others murdered.